Between 1981 and 1997, the marine mollusc collection of the KwaZulu-Natal Museum was expanded significantly in the number and diversity of specimens. This was mostly because of the hard work by Dick Kilburn and Dai Herbert, who led the Natal Museum Dredging Programme during this period. This programme identified about 250 marine mollusc species, which were previously unknown to science! This sizeable contribution resulted in the KwaZulu-Natal Museum mollusc collection ranking as top five largest collections in the Southern Hemisphere and one of the more scientifically significant collections in the world.

At the beginning of this year, we dusted off these old dredges to rekindle the sampling for offshore molluscs along the KwaZulu-Natal coast. Samples will be collected on the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity marine platform, Phakisa. We will revisit the historical dredging stations to investigate changes in the mollusc community over time. Fresh material will be used in DNA analyses to improve our understanding of different mollusc groups and to contribute to the global DNA barcoding reference library. Non-molluscs collected during these trips will either be accessioned into the appropriate KZN museum collections or donated to relevant researchers and the Iziko Museum in Cape Town.


Sampling for molluscs during the Natal Museum Dredging Programme, 1981 โ€“ 1997.





First test run of the historical dredges on the research vessel, Phakisa.

elodie 3

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Companion Planting

Companion planting is growing different crops within close proximity of each other whereby, the plants have the ability to complement each other. Companion planting maximises planting space, promotes beneficial insects, increases crop production, enhances nutrient uptake, promotes pollination, and serves as a weed and pest control measure.

Table 1: Examples of companion crops for a vegetable garden






Tomatoes are heat-loving crops whilst spinach prefers cooler climates. Plant spinach in-between tomatoes ensuring that spinach is harvested before tomatoes over-shade or crowd the spinach.


Most vegetables

Border crop for the garden


Most vegetables

Wonder plant


Marigolds have a high tolerance for heat and drought however, prefer well-drained soils. They make great border plants around vegetable gardens, thus concealing the scent of vegetables and deterring insects. Some of their benefits in a garden include:

  • Adding colour to the landscape and attracting pollinators,
  • Pest repellent properties that deter unwanted bugs,
  • Substances that suppress nematodes (microscopic worms) which attack plant roots.


Garlic makes one of the best companion crops for vegetable gardens for several reasons:

  • They serve as a natural pest and fungus deterrent for their compatible neighbours,
  • Improve the quality and health of other plants,
  • Uses minimal space,
  • Great companion for tomatoes and spinach as well as a perfect flower companion for marigolds.
  • Deters a range of pests such as fungus gnats, moths, spider mites, beetles, aphids, ants, and snails.
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๐Ÿง™๐ŸŽƒ ๐ป๐‘œ๐‘ค ๐‘ค๐‘œ๐‘ข๐‘™๐‘‘ ๐‘ฆ๐‘œ๐‘ข ๐‘™๐‘–๐‘˜๐‘’ ๐‘ก๐‘œ ๐‘ค๐‘–๐‘› ๐‘Ž ๐‘๐‘œ๐‘ฅ ๐‘œ๐‘“ ๐‘กโ„Ž๐‘’๐‘ ๐‘’ ๐‘Ž๐‘š๐‘Ž๐‘ง๐‘–๐‘›๐‘” ๐ป๐‘Ž๐‘™๐‘™๐‘œ๐‘ค๐‘’๐‘’๐‘› ๐‘ก๐‘Ÿ๐‘’๐‘Ž๐‘ก๐‘ ? ๐ŸŽƒ๐Ÿ‘ป
๐Ÿ”ฎ All you need to do in order to win 1 of 3 Halloween Boxes is visit the KZN Museum during the month of October, visit as many times as you wish ๐Ÿ”ฎ
๐ŸงŸ๐Ÿฆ‡Leave your contact details at the back of your receipt and you will be eligible to win these yummy goodies! Three winners will be drawn at random on the 30 October at 10 am ๐ŸงŸ๐Ÿฆ‡

120749478 1607312139466375 5741409704748549615 oThese Halloween boxes have generously been sponsored by KC's Butter Biscuits
๐Ÿ–คChocolate mini loafs
๐Ÿ’šMini vanilla cupcakes
๐ŸงกRed velvet cupcakes
๐Ÿ–คChocolate chip cookies
๐Ÿ’šRocky road
๐Ÿ–คChocolate ganache cakes
๐Ÿ’šButter biscuits

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Opening Times

Monday to Friday - 9:00 to 15:30 
Saturdays - Closed 
Sundays - Closed


Adults (over 17 years) : R10.00

Children (4-17 years) : R 2.50 

School Learners on tour : R 1.50 per child

Pensioners & toddlers : FREE